The Armenians fought with the Russians, and both the Germans and Ottomans considered Turkey’s Armenian citizens as “the enemy within”.
When the world’s attention fixed upon the battlegrounds of France and Belgium, the Turks decided it was time to solve their “Armenian Problem” by exterminating them.
Christian Armenians, who had always been one of the best-educated and wealthy communities within the old Turkish Empire were once again branded as infidels (non-believers in Islam).
Young Islamic extremists, staged anti-Armenian demonstrations which often led to violence.
The Young Turks were the perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide.
Along with the Young Turk’s newfound “Turanism” there was a dramatic rise in Islamic fundamentalist agitation throughout Turkey.
At the center of the Young Turk Revolution stood the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) formed in 1895.
Its members came to be known as Ittihadists or Unionists.
The most ideologically committed party in the entire movement, the CUP espoused a form of Turkish nationalism which was xenophobic and exclusionary in its thinking.
The CUP seized power in a coup d’etat in January 1913.